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GS-II (Governance)

India to gift cricket stadium to Maldives

  • India will build a cricket stadium, which is likely to come up at Hulhumale, an island south of North Male atoll.
  • India will also train young Maldivian men and women in cricket.
  • Ties between India and the Maldives have warmed considerably after the election of Ibrahim Mohamed Solih as the president in September, 2018.

Mumbai metro completed five years of operation

  • The Mumbai metro completed five years of operation in June 2019.
  • During the last five years of operation, Metro has achieved running the service without a single case of an accident or any fatality.
  • The metro completed 6.17 lakh trips transporting 54 Crore commuters.
  • The present metro line connects Versova western part of the metropolis to Ghatkopar in the central line.

India called upon G-20 countries

  • India has called upon the G-20 countries to urgently fix the issue of taxing profits made by digital economy companies in countries where they do not have a significant physical presence.
  • Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman addressed the 2-day meeting of the G-20 Finance Ministers and central bank Governors at Fukuoka in Japan on 9 June 2019.

Union Cabinet has approved the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Siddhi Scheme

  • Union Cabinet has approved the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Siddhi Scheme. It will cost over Rs.87,000 crore a year to the exchequer.
  • The government has announced its decision to extend the benefit of Rs.6,000 per year under the PM-KISAN scheme to all 14.5 crore farmers in the country, irrespective of the size of their landholding.
  • The scheme was launched on 24th February 2019 in the run-up to the 2019 Parliamentary elections in Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh where the first rounds of installments were paid to several farmers.
  • The government so far distributed the first installment to 3.11 crore beneficiaries and second installment to 2.66 crore beneficiaries into their bank accounts through Direct Benefit Transfer mode.

PM Modi accepts Macron’s invite to attend outreach session of G7 Summit

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has accepted an invitation from French President Emmanuel Macron to attend the outreach session of the G7 Summit in Biarritz as a special invitee.
  • The summit of the G7 group of countries will be held in August this year in France.
  • The invitation is a reflection of the personal chemistry between the two leaders, a demonstration of the two countries deepening strategic partnership and recognition of India as a major economic power.

Several important issues will be discussed during SCO Summit

  • Several important issues including counter-terrorism, extremism and multilateral economic cooperation will be discussed during the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, SCO Summit to be held on 14th of this month at Bishkek in Kyrgyzstan.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be reaching Bishkek on 13th June to attend the meeting.
  • SCO is a structured platform for India to engage with Central Asian Countries.
  • There are eight countries including India in the SCO.
  • The Prime Minister will have bilateral meetings with Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of the SCO summit.
  • This will be Prime Minister’s first multi-lateral summit after the polls
  • Afghanistan will be one of the focus areas in the summit.
  • No meeting is planned between Prime Minister Modi and Prime Minister of Pakistan, Imran Khan on the sidelines of SCO Summit.


Ferry service to connect India and Maldives

  • India and the Maldives have agreed to launch a passenger-cum-cargo ferry service between Kochi and the Maldivian capital Male via Kulhudhuffushi atoll.
  • The initiative was announced during PM Narendra Modi’s 2-day state visit to the Indian Ocean archipelago.
  • A MoU was signed between the two sides for the establishment of passenger and cargo services by sea.

Modi, Jinping to meet at SCO Summit

  • Chinese President Xi Jinping will attend the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit at Bishkek.
  • He would also meet PM Narendra Modi there.
  • This would be the first meeting between the two leaders after the BJP’s massive victory in the general elections.
  • The SCO summit is due to be held on 13-14 June in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.

PM Modi: 1st leader to visit Sri Lanka

  • PM Narendra Modi arrived in Sri Lanka on his way back to India from the Maldives.
  • PM Modi is the first world leader to visit the island nation over two months after the serial bombings on Easter left more than 250 dead.
  • PM Modi was received by Sri Lankan counterpart Ranil Wickremesinghe at the airport.

Maldives to confer award to PM Modi

  • PM Narendra Modi was conferred with Maldives highest award ‘Nishan Izzuddin’.
  • The main aim of his visit was to further cement ties with the Indian Ocean archipelago.
  • PM Modi and President Solih held delegation-level talks as the two countries signed a slew of agreements to strengthen bilateral ties in a number of key areas including defence.

Kazakhstan elected new leader

  • Kazakhstan elected the successor of former president Nursultan Nazarbayev with 70% of the vote.
  • The victory of Kassym Jomart-Tokayev was never in doubt after he received the blessing of powerful Nazarbayev.
  • His nearest opposition rival Amirzhan Kosanov had around 15%.

Sri Lankan Airlines named world’s most punctual air service for second consecutive time

  • SriLankan Airlines named as the ‘World’s Most Punctual Airline’ for the second consecutive time with over 90 percent of its flights in May.
  • This status was achieved for the second time in less than 12 months.
  • They achieved a punctuality rating of 91.37 percent reports Xinhua news agency.
  • In a may month they achieved a punctuality rating of 90.75 percent.
  • Flightstats analyzed 41 carriers data from Europe, North America, Asia, the Middle East, and South America and includes most of the world’s most prestigious airlines.
  • The punctuality rating of 90.75% by SriLankan Airlines in May 2019 facing challenges caused by heightened security at airline’s hub at Bandaranaike International Airport (in Sri Lankan capital Colombo).

China going to make trade deal with US

  • China will be left with no other option but to enter into a trade deal with the United States because increased tariffs on Chinese products is having an impact on its economy.
  • China will subsidise their product because there is a need to keep people working, so China is going to pay a lot.
  • The US has put 25 percent tariffs on 250 billion dollars of Chinese goods, including 50 billion dollars of high-technology equipment and things.
  • In recent months, Trump has ordered for another round of tariffs on the rest of the Chinese imports amounting to 300 billion dollars.


The G20 Summit ended with the issual of joint statement on trade and the digital economy

  • In the G20 Summit, the Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors from the Group of 20 economies issued a joint statement on trade and the digital economy. The meeting was held in Tsukuba, Japan on 8 and 9 June 2019.
  • The G20 Summit was focused on the ways to promote trade and cooperation among the G20 countries in order to harness the potential of the digital economy.
  • The Finance Ministers discussed new tax rules on global IT giants as well as the impact of aging populations on the economy as the corporate sector make huge profits through cross-border data transfers.
  • Global growth is being stable and is expected to pick up moderately by late 2019 and into 2020.
  • However, growth remains low and risks remain tilted to the downside as trade and geopolitical tensions have been intensified.
  • The Ministers confirmed their commitment to refraining from competitive currency devaluations in order to gain an unfair trade advantage.
  • They also agreed on guiding principles for using artificial intelligence which is created on the 36-member OECD and an additional six countries. They also planned to highlight divisions over trade issues such as reform of the World Trade Organization.


Cananda to ban single use plastics from 2021

  • Prime Minister Justin Trudeau on Monday announced that single-use plastics will be banned in the country from 2021.
  • It a global challenge to phase out the plastic bags, straws and cutlery clogging the world’s oceans.
  • Canada has a unique chance to lead the fight against plastic pollution as the country with the world’s longest coastlines. He said, less than 10 percent of plastics used in Canada are currently recycled.
  • Each year a million birds and more than 100,000 marine mammals worldwide suffer injury or death by becoming entangled in plastic or ingesting it through the food chain. Single-use items represent some 70 percent of the plastic waste littering the marine environment.
  • Canada, France, Germany, Britain and Italy, along with the European Union, subscribed at last year’s G7 summit in Quebec to a new charter against pollution in the world’s oceans.
  • The United States and Japan did not join the pact.
  • The non-binding Ocean Plastics Charter called on participating countries and the EU to commit to making all plastics reusable, recyclable or recovered by 2030.


Prime Minister Narendra Modi to lead the event of YogaDay2019 at Ranchi

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi led the International Day of Yoga 2019 celebrations to be held in Ranchi on June 21.
  • Ministry of AYUSH planned every year observation of the International Day of Yoga across the country.
  • The ministry successfully organized several programs during the last four years in connection with the International Day of Yoga.
  • They requested the stake-holding Ministries and Departments of the Central Government, State Governments and other related institutions to work in a coordinated manner to observe the International Day of Yoga (IDY).
  • Nearly two-minute long video shows a 3D-animated version of the prime minister performing the Ardha Chakrasana or the Half Moon Pose in a spacious room as a voiceover guides viewers through a step-by-step procedure of the yoga.
  • May 21 is referred to as Yoga Day and celebrated since its inception in 2015.
  • International day for yoga was declared by United Nations General Assembly.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his UN address suggested a date of 21 June as it is the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere and shares a special significance in many parts of the world. The idea of International Day of Yoga was first proposed by the current Prime Minister of India.


Ministry for Information and Broadcasting instituted Antarashtriya Yoga Diwas Media Samman (AYDMS)

  • The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (I&B) has instituted its first Antarashtriya Yoga Diwas Media Samman (AYDMS). It was announced by the Minister Prakash Javadekar.
  • The aim of the award is to acknowledge the positive role & responsibility of media in disseminating the outreach of Yoga in India and abroad.
  • The award comprises of a special medal/plaque/trophy and a citation.
  • Six juries will assess the contribution of Media in the popularising of Yoga. The duration of the coverage for AYDMS would be from 10th June to 25th June 2019.
  • Announcement of the honors will be announced and Antarashtriya Yoga Diwas Media Samman (AYDMS) ceremony in July 2019 (tentative date).


Hamilton won 7th Canadian GP

  • Lewis Hamilton secured a record-breaking 7th win at the 2019 Canadian Grand Prix after Sebastian Vettel was penalised for dangerous driving.
  • A five-second race time penalty was given to Vettel.
  • Ferrari will appeal against the decision over the five-second penalty given to Vettel which costed him the race.

Rafael Nadal won French Open

  • In Tennis, world number two Rafael Nadal lifted the French Open Men’s Singles title for the 12th time.
  • He became the first player to win 12 Singles titles at the same Grand Slam and has now won 18 majors overall.
  • Nadal is now just 2 titles behind Roger Federer’s all-time record of 20 majors and is 3 ahead of world number one Novak Djokovic.





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