DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS –10th  JUNE 2019

www.iasinsights.in ; www.iasgyaan.com  posts current affairs from various Newspapers

GS-II (Governance)

Mrutyunjay Mohapatra appointed IMD chief

  • Renowned scientist and cyclone warning specialist Mrutyunjay Mohapatra was appointed as the chief of India Meteorological Department (IMD) on 4 June 2019.
  • Mr Mohapatra leads the Cyclone Warning Division of the IMD.
  • The IMD is responsible for weather and climate-related forecasts in the country.
  • It is also mandated to issue warning to people about severe weather phenomenon like cyclones.

 L&T launches ‘Digital Sakhi’ in Tamil Nadu

  • L&T Financial Services’ (LTFS) ‘Digital Sakhi’, an educational programme aimed at digital financial inclusion of rural women, was launched in 20 villages of Villupuram district in Tamil Nadu.
  • LTFS in association with Sri Aurobindo Society will train and develop a team of 100 rural women (Digital Sakhis) as digital enablers.

Delhi Metro receives power from waste

  • The Delhi Metro has become the first ever project in the country to receive power generated from a waste-to-energy plant.
  • Delhi Metro has started receiving 2 MW power from a 12 MW capacity waste-to-energy plant set up in Ghazipur.
  • The waste-to-energy plant set up by East Delhi Waste Processing Company Limited (EDWPCL).

Swachh Survekshan League launched

  • Housing and Urban Affairs Minister Hardeep Puri launched Swachh Survekshan League 2020 on 6 June 2019.
  • It will be conducted in three quarters of 2019 and the final quarter in 2020.
  • The results of the League will form part of Swachh Survekshan 2020, the 5th edition of the annual cleanliness survey of urban India to be conducted in January-February 2020.

 Triple Talaq Bill is to be tabled in the very first session of Parliament in the NDA government

  • The second term of Narendra Modi government is likely to place the controversial Triple Talaq Bill in its very first session of Parliament. The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Second Ordinance was promulgated on February 21, 2019.
  • An ordinance will lapse after six months of the promulgation. The bill should be passed by both sessions of Parliament within 45 days after the first sitting of Parliament.
  • The Modi government’s government in its first tenure has failed to get the Bill cleared in the Rajya Sabha as the Opposition opposed the criminality clause. Even after removing the clause the government could not table the Bill, owing to continuous disruptions.
  • The ordinance is a decree or law promulgated by a state or national government without the consent of the legislature.
  • Article 123 of the Constitution of India grants the President certain law-making powers to promulgate ordinances when either of the two Houses of Parliament is not in session. The governor of a state can also issue ordinances under Article 213 when the state legislative assembly is not in session.
  • Ordinances cease to operate either if Parliament/State assembly does not approve of them within six weeks of once both houses of the Parliament are in session, or if disapproving resolutions are passed by both Houses.

Centre reconstitutes 8 Cabinet Committees

  • The Centre reconstituted eight Cabinet Committees including the Appointment Committee of the Cabinet, among others and Union Home Minister Amit Shah is part of all these committees.
  • The eight Cabinet Committees, PM Narendra Modi is part of six committees.
  • The members of Security Committee are PM Modi, Union Ministers Shah, Nirmala Sitharaman, S Jaishankar and Rajnath Singh.
  • A newly-constituted eight cabinet committees Amit Shah is part of all cabinet committees.
  • Appointments Committee of the Cabinet includes Modi and Shah, while Cabinet Committee on Accommodation Shah, Minister of Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari, Sitharaman and Railway Minister Piyush Goyal.
  • Prime Minister’s Office Jitendra Singh and Minister of State (I/C) of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs Hardeep Singh Puri will be special invitees to Cabinet Committee on Accommodation, according to a statement issued by the Centre.
  • They will be headed by Modi and includes Shah, Gadkari, Sitharaman, Goyal, Singh, Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers DV Sadananda Gowda, Minister of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare Narendra Singh Tomar, Minister of Communications and Information Technology Ravi Shankar Prasad, Minister of Food Processing Industries Harsimrat Kaur Badal, Minister of External Affairs Subrahmanyam Jaishankar and Petroleum, Natural Gas Minister Dharmendra Pradhan.

Bancha, the first solar kitchen only village in India

  • Bancha in Betul district is the first village in India to have zero wooden stoves and almost no use for LPG cylinders with all its 75 houses relying on solar-powered stoves to meet their cooking needs.
  • The project of installing solar power plates, batteries and stoves in all the 74 houses was started in September 2017 and got completed by December 2018.

PM to meet Secretaries of Central govt in New Delhi today

  • India Prime Minister Narendra Modi will meet the Secretaries of Central government in New Delhi today. During the meeting, Mr Modi is likely to discuss the agenda of governance and seek their active involvement in the administration.
  • Mr Modi used to hold such meetings with top government officials in his first term also.

India calls upon G-20 countries to urgently resolve issue of taxing profits made by offshore digital companies

  • India has called upon the G-20 countries to urgently fix the issue of taxing profits made by digital economy companies in countries where they do not have significant physical presence.
  • Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman addressed the two-day meeting of the G-20 Finance Ministers and central bank Governors at Fukuoka in Japan.
  • offshore digital companies such as Facebook, Google and Netflix have little presence in India, taxing their profits is not possible.
  • This prompted the government to roll out equalization levy as a tax deducted at source on payments made to them by Indian firms with effect from June 2016.
  • The aim is to bring offshore companies with significant economic presence in India into the tax net to address the shortcomings in taxing the digital economy.
  • However, India opposed attempts by developed countries to formulate an e-commerce policy outside the World Trade Organization framework.
  • The meeting of G-20, grouping of developed and developing countries, concluded.

  GS-II (INTERNATIONAL)

India and China hold bilateral dialogue

  • India and China held the sixth round of dialogue on disarmament and non-proliferation in New Delhi on 3 June 2019.
  • The dialogue was held within the framework of regular bilateral exchanges.
  • The Indian delegation was led by Indra Mani Pandey, who is the additional secretary of disarmament and international security affairs in the ministry.

Prayuth Chan-ocha elected Thai PM

  • Thailand’s new parliament has elected military government chief Prayuth Chan-ocha as the country’s Prime Minister.
  • Prayuth’s appointment becomes official when it is endorsed by King Maha Vajiralongkorn.
  • Prayuth Chan-ocha is a retired army general and had led a military coup in Thailand five years ago.

DDS women bag UN award

  • Women members of Deccan Development Society (DDS) sanghams have bagged one of the most coveted UN awards — Equator Prize for 2019.
  • DDS sanghams have made a significant contribution towards environment combating climate change, food and nutritional security.
  • The US$10,000-prize was officially declared on World Environment Day on June 5.

The meeting of PM Modi and Imran Khan before SCO summit is not confirmed yet

  • That the meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Pakistan counterpart Imran Khan before the summit meeting of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is not confirmed yet.
  • The leaders of the two countries are scheduled to travel to Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic for the SCO summit of 13-14 June 2019.
  • The tension that was erupted after the terror attack at Pulwama and the Balakot counter-terror strike and the measures to de-escalate the tension is still ongoing.

EU willing to renegotiate Brexit deal: UK Foreign Secy

  • German Chancellor Angela Merkel indicated that the European Union would be willing to renegotiate the Brexit deal.
  • Hunt is one of nearly a dozen Conservatives to replace Theresa May as party leader and UK Prime Minister.
  • Jeremy Hunt spoke with Ms Merkel last week and was convinced changing Ms May’s agreement.
  • Hunt did not specify if he was referring to the legally binding withdrawal agreement, which the EU has repeatedly insisted cannot be re-opened, or to the accompanying political declaration on future relations, which could be revisited.
  • Ms May had agreed the package with the EU last year but British lawmakers rejected it three times, forcing her to delay Brexit twice – the latest extension being to 31st October.

Deal with Mexico to curb illegal migration opens era of great cooperation: US Prez

  • The deal with Mexico to curb illegal migration opened an era of great cooperation between the two nations, something that they did not see for decades.
  • Washington had announced that it reached an agreement with its southern neighbour to curb illegal migration flows from Central America to the US.
  • Under the deal, Mexico will deploy its National Guard throughout the country and, especially, to its southern border and work to dismantle human smuggling.
  • The United States will also return asylum seekers, crossing its southern border, to Mexico where they will wait for decisions in their cases.
  • The migration deal came just days before new US tariffs on imports from Mexico were supposed to come into force.

Massive fire breaks out in eastern London

  • A massive fire broke out at a block of luxury flats in eastern London today. London Fire Brigade (LFB) said Fifteen fire engines and around 100 firefighters are currently at the scene of the incident to douse the blaze.
  • There have been no reports of any casualties or injuries yet. The cause of the fire is not yet known.
  • The blaze took hold from the ground to the sixth floor of the building situated in De Pass Gardens, Barking, this evening.

UAE Cabinet adopts “National Strategy for Well being 2031″

  • The UAE Cabinet adopted the National Strategy for Wellbeing 2031 during its meeting at the Presidential Palace in Abu Dhabi.
  • One of the most important initiatives is the development of the first ‘National Wellbeing Observatory’ to support the policymaking process.
  • It will monitor a number of indicators of well being in the UAE, submit regular reports to the UAE Cabinet, propose training programmes for government employees, and launch of the Academy of Wellbeing future generations, in addition to the formation of a National Wellbeing Council to manage and coordinate the national strategy.
  • Chaired by Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President, Prime Minister and Ruler of Dubai, the National Strategy for Wellbeing 2031 aims to make the UAE a world leader in quality of life through a number of strategic objectives and initiatives.
  • It also aims to promote an integrated concept of well being, thus supporting the vision of the UAE Vision 2021 and the UAE Centennial 2071.
  • The Strategy is based on a national framework of three main levels – individuals, society and the country.
  • It includes 14 components and nine strategic objectives, which include enhancing people’s wellbeing by promoting healthy and active lifestyles, promoting good mental health and adopting positive thinking.
  • The Strategy includes 90 supporting initiatives targeting more than 40 priority areas.

ECONOMY

Index to measure fiscal performance launched

  • Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) has launched a Fiscal Performance Index (FPI) to assess state and central budgets.
  • The Index incorporates qualitative assessments of revenue expenditure, capital expenditure, revenues, fiscal prudence and the level of public debt arrive at a more holistic picture of fiscal performance than the fiscal deficit to GDP ratio.

‘Benchmarking India’s Payment Systems’ report

  • The report on ‘Benchmarking India’s Payment Systems’ was released by RBI on 4 June 2019.
  • The report says India has a strong regulatory system and retail payment systems but more efforts are needed to bring down the volume of the paper clearing.
  • The country is ‘strong’ in areas like having necessary laws and cash in circulation per capita.

SCIENCE AND TECH

Remdesivir may help protect against Nipah

  • An experimental antiviral drug, remdesivir, designed to treat Ebola virus disease can effectively help fight off Nipah virus.
  • Remdesivir completely protected four African green monkeys from a lethal dose of Nipah virus.
  • Remdesivir, is being developed by Gilead Sciences, Inc. in collaboration with scientists from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

ENVIRONMENT

Cyclone likely to hit Arabian Sea on June 11-12, warns MeT Dept

  • Meteorological Department warns that a cyclone may occur in the Arabian Sea near the West Coast of India between June 11 and 12, Directorate General of Information and Public Relations of Maharashtra today.
  • The Meteorological Department has warned that a cyclone may occur in the Arabian Sea near the West Coast of India between June 11 and 12, Directorate General of Information and Public Relations of Maharashtra.
  • The department has asked the fishermen to avoid entering the sea during this period.
  • The cyclone will be around 300 km away from the coast.
  • Although the cyclone will not hit the state, it will influence the region and gusty winds are likely to lash the region.
  • The Meteorological experts have predicted that monsoon will hit Mumbai along with the Konkan region during this period.The country recently witnessed the destruction caused by Cyclone Fani in states like Odisha and West Bengal.

 

 

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