Steps taken to check cyber crimes in India

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Cyber Crimes in India

What are cyber crimes ?

Cyber crimes can be defined as the unlawful acts where the computer is used either as a tool or a target or both.  The term is a general term that covers crimes like phishing, credit card frauds, bank robbery, illegal downloading, industrial espionage, child pornography, kidnapping children via chat rooms, scams, cyber terrorism, creation and/or distribution of viruses, Spam and so on.

Cyber crime is a broad term that is used to define criminal activity in which computers or computer networks are a tool, a target, or a place of criminal activity and include everything from electronic cracking to denial of service attacks. It also covers the traditional crimes in which computers or networks are used to enable the illicit activity.
Cyber Crimes can be categorized in two ways:

  1. The crimes in which the computer is the target. Examples of such crimes are hacking, virus attacks, DOS attack etc.
  2. The crime sin which the computer is used as a weapon. These types of crimes include cyber terrorism, IPR violations, credit card frauds, EFT frauds, pornography etc.

At present there is neither a Joint Working Group on Cyber Security nor is the Government considering any proposal regarding setting up of an autonomous body on cyber security.

Steps taken by the Government to check hacking and cyber crimes are as follows:

  1. Section 43, 43A, 66, 66B, 66C, 66D, 66E, 66F, 67, 67A, 67B, 70, 72, 72A and 74 of the Information Technology Act, 2000 deal with hacking and cyber crimes.
  2. Government approved a ‘Framework for enhancing security in cyberspace’ for cyber security in the Indian cyberspace, with the National Security Council Secretariat as nodal agency.
  3. National Technical Research Organisation has been designated as the nodal agency for taking all measures for protection of national critical infrastructure and to handle cyber security incidents in critical sectors.
  4. Further, Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) is designated as the national agency for incident response including analysis, forecast and alerts on cyber security breaches.
  5. Advisories have been issued by Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) to States/UTs for taking steps for prevention of cybercrime, which are available on the website of MHA (www.mha.gov.in).
  6. Ministry of Home Affairs is implementing the ‘Cyber Crime Prevention against Women & Children’ Scheme with the objective of handling issues of cyber crime against women and children.
  7. Ministry of Home Affairs has constituted an Inter-Ministerial Committee on Phone Fraud and has issued advisories dated 13.01.2018 & 12.02.2018 to States/UTs for taking steps to check phone frauds.

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