UPSC Daily Current Affairs-10th July 2018

www.iasinsights.in; www.iasgyaan.com posts UPSC Daily current Affairs -10th July 2018. This info is taken from News papers, PIB, AIR News and Summarized for your easy understanding.

Daily Current Affairs -10th July 2018

GS-I (Geography)

Tropical Storm Chris set to become hurricane

  • A tropical storm that formed off the North Carolina coast was forecasted to become a hurricane
  • Tropical Storm Chris, the third named storm of the Atlantic hurricane season, was about 180 miles (290 km) south-southeast of Cape Hatteras in North Carolina with top sustained winds of 50 miles per hour (85 kph)
  • Beryl, which had weakened to a tropical storm from a hurricane, degenerated on Sunday into an open wave, according to the NHC.
  • It said Beryl could reform into a tropical cyclone in a few days when its remnants are forecast to move through the Bahamas.

GS-II (Governance)

Constitution Bench to start hearing pleas against Section 377 IPC today

  • A five-judge Constitution Bench headed by the CJI will begin hearing the petitions from Tuesday
  • It dismissed center request for more time in filing the reply.

Why again hearing?

  • A Constitution Bench will begin to re-visit its December 2013 verdict of the Supreme Court, which upheld the criminalization of gay sex and dismissed the LGBT community as a negligible part of the population while virtually denying them the right of choice and sexual orientation.
  • Though negligible group, LGBT community do have Art 21 as it is applicable for all.
  • So there is need to revisit2018 SC verdict.

Timeline:

  • July 2009: the Delhi High Court had read down the provision in so far as it criminalized same sex relations in private.
  • December 2013: the Supreme Court set aside the High Court order and asked Parliament to bring a law if it wanted to decriminalize it. Later, the apex court also dismissed the Centre’s review plea on the subject.
  • August 2017: The Supreme Court, in its landmark privacy ruling, termed sexual orientation as an essential attribute of privacy. This rekindled hopes in the LGBT community and fresh petitions came to be filed in the apex court which referred them for hearing to a Constitution Bench.

Govt. to allow spouses of Indian nationals to convert visa category even if married abroad

  • Irrespective of the place of the wedding , the foreign spouse can now convert the tourist visa to a dependent visa
  • Spouses of the Indian nationals getting married abroad will no longer have to face difficulties in converting their tourist visa to dependent visa as the government plans to change existing rules.

What is the rule till now?

  • As per the visa manual, tourist visa can be converted to X2 visa only when the marriage takes place in India and gets registered within the validity of the present tourist visa.
  • Contrary to that, if anyone wants to do so has to go back to his or her country and come back on an X2 visa.
  • With the amendment of the visa rules and streamlining the process, the conversion of tourist visa to X2 would be allowed even if the marriage takes place on foreign soil.

Exceptions:

  • The facility will not be offered to the nationals of Pakistan, Afghanistan, Sudan and Iraq, and citizens of Pakistani origin and stateless persons.

Tamil Nadu assembly passes Lokayukta Bill amid protests

  • The Tamil Nadu Lokayukta Bill 2018 was passed in the Assembly on Monday
  • The Lokayukta will consist of a chairman and four members.
  • While the chairman should be current or former judge of the high court or should have served a minimum of 25 years in the field of anti-corruption, public administration, awareness, finance or law, two of the four members should have experience in the legal system.
  • The local administration and government contracts have not been brought under the Lokayukta
  • If a false complaint was lodged with the Lokayukta, the complainant will be punished with a fine of Rs1 lakh, along with imprisonment of up to one year.

History:

  • The Lokayukta Act was passed by the central government in 2013 and was notified by the Centre in 2014.
  • Section 63 of the Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013, states that every state shall establish a body to be known as the Lokayukta.
  • In April, the Supreme Court had asked 12 states, including Tamil Nadu, to explain why the government had not appointed Lokayuktas.

Government declares 6 educational ‘Institutions of Eminence

  • The Government has shortlisted Six Institutions of Eminence (IoE’s) including 3 from Public Sector and 3 from Private Sector.
  • An Empowered Expert Committee (EEC) in its report recommended selection of 6 institutions (3 from public sector and 3 from private sector) as Institutions of Eminence. The details of these Institutions are as under:
  • Public Sector: (i) Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka; (ii) Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, Maharashtra; and (iii) Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi.
  • Private Sector: (i) Jio Institute (Reliance Foundation), Pune under Green Field Category; (ii) Birla Institute of Technology & Sciences, Pilani, Rajasthan; and (iii) Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka.

Purpose:

  • It is expected that the above selected Institutions will come up in top 500 of the world ranking in 10 years and in top 100 of the world ranking eventually overtime.

To achieve the top world ranking, these Institutions shall be provided with

  • greater autonomy to admit foreign students up to 30% of admitted students;
  • to recruit foreign faculty up to 25% of faculty strength;
  • to offer online courses upto 20% of its programs;
  • to enter into academic collaboration with top 500 in the world ranking Institutions without permission of UGC;
  • free to fix and charge fees from foreign students without restriction;
  • flexibility of course structure in terms of number of credit hours and years to take a degree;
  • Complete flexibility in fixing of curriculum and syllabus, among others.
  • Each public Institution selected as ‘Institution of Eminence’ will get financial assistance up to Rs. 1000 Crore over the period of five years under this scheme.

GS-III (Economy)

Govt may launch 7 Greenfield projects under Bharatmala

  • The central government is expected to launch seven Greenfield projects to construct 3,000km of expressways under the ₹ 5.35 trillion Bharatmala scheme.
  • In the first phase, the road network is set to connect Delhi-Vadodara, Chennai-Salem in Tamil Nadu, Kharagpur-Siliguri in West Bengal, Delhi-Bilaspur, Durg-Aurang in Chhattisgarh, Mangaluru-Chitradurga in Karnataka and Ambala-Kathputli in Haryana.
  • The longest stretch of 1,000 km will be built between Delhi and Vadodara.

Why Greenfield projects?

The Greenfield projects would cost 40-60% less than expansion of brownfield projects, given that land prices in brownfield projects are over twice the cost of land elsewhere.

ADB accords approval for lining project of the Son canal in Shahabad – Bhojpur region of Bihar

  • ADB and Finance Ministry to review the progress of lining project of the Son canal in Shahabad – Bhojpur region of Bihar.
  • During the meeting ADB representatives informed that ADB had accorded approval for this project
  • It may be noted that the estimated cost of this project is USD 503 million (Rs 3272.49 crore) out of which USD 352 million is being provided by ADB. This project will bring immense benefits to the agriculture sector of Shahabad – Bhojpur region of Bihar.

                                           GS-II(International Affairs)

India, South Korea Sign Five MoUs in Science & Technology

  • India and South Korea today signed five MoUs in the field of Science & Technology.
  • 3 MoU’s signed by Environment ministry
  • Programme of Cooperation 2018-21;
  • Establishment of Future Strategy Group;
  • Cooperation in Biotechnology & Bio economy.
  • Two other MoU’s were signed between Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR)

China courts Europe to counter trade headwinds from U.S

  • China along with Europe are setting up their weapons to fight against US initiated trade war.
  • USA increased import tax against Chinese products worth $ 34 billion, with additional 25 per cent duties.
  • China want to join its hands with Germany — an industrial giant — as its key partner for transitioning its economy towards internet-based “smart manufacturing”.
  • The Made-in-China 2025 strategy — the key to China’s attempt to achieve automated manufacturing — is based on Germany’s Industry 4.0 model.
  • Beijing will host a summit of EU leaders on July 16-17, apparently, as a stepped up effort to build a coalition to counter U.S. protectionism.

China to cut tariffs on Indian cancer drugs

  • A new Chinese film on the plight of a leukemia patient, highlighting the pressing need for China to pave the way for import of cheap Indian cancer drugs.
  • India and China have reached an agreement on reduction of tariffs on Chinese imports of Indian medicines, particularly cancer drugs.
  • It is not yet clear whether China has agreed to grant licenses to Indian companies to sell cancer drugs in the huge market here, which could be a major step.
  • About 4.3 million people are diagnosed with cancer annually in China
  • Indian drugs, especially cancer-curing medicines, are in big demand in China as they are far cheaper than their western counterparts.

GS-III(Environment)

Seven new wasp species discovered in the Amazon forests

  • A team of researchers have discovered seven new wasp species belonging to the genus Clistopyga from Peru, Venezuela and Colombia.
  • The most notable among them is Clistopyga crassicaudata, named after its distinctly thickened ovipositor.
  • The other new species include C.kalima, C. panchei and C. taironae, named in honour of Kalimas, Panches and Toiranas, indigenous tribe groups of Colombo.
  • Another species was named C. nigriventri, indicating its entirely black body,
  • Another species C. splendida because of its multi-colored body.
  • The 7th species, which has white and brown body, was named C.isayae

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