UPSC Daily Current Affairs-2nd July 2018

www.iasinsights.in; www.iasgyaan.com posts UPSC Daily current Affairs -2nd July 2018. This info is taken from News papers, PIB, AIR News and Summarized for your easy understanding.

Daily Current Affairs -2nd July 2018

GS-III (Health)

WHO’s Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products Is Now ‘Live’

  • The first legally binding instrument adopted under the World Health Organization’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) has just gone “live”.
  • This instrument is the ‘Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products‘.
  • The protocol will enter into force in 90 days, in time for the Conference of Parties (COP8) which will be held in Geneva, Switzerland, in October 2018. http://iasinsights.in/featured/whos-protocol-to-eliminate-illicit-trade-in-tobacco-products-started/ 

GS-II (Governance)

Lok Sabha members can now ask only up to five questions per day

  • According to Direction 10B of the Lok Sabha Speaker, he/she could give notices for posing more than 10 questions a day till now.
  • The Direction 10B has been amended due to the count of notices for the questions exceeding 230 per day.
  • In case a member gives notices for asking more than five questions on a day, the remaining questions would be allowed to be raised the following day.

Why Questions?

Raising questions and seeking answers from respective minister is the main feature of Parliamentary form of government where Executive is responsible for Legislature.

There are four types of Questions in Parliament:

http://iasinsights.in/super-teacher-worksheets/types-of-questions-in-parliament/

Bhima – Koregaon and the fault in our laws

  • The arrest of five individuals in early June, ostensibly for instigating the riots at Bhima-Koregaon at the beginning of the year, throws the fears expressed in the CA into sharp relief.
  • The accused, who include activists and lawyers, have been booked under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA).
  • In 1948 constituent assembly meeting K.T. Shah warned “The autocrat, the despot,” always will shut the mouth of those who don’t agree to them by many colonial acts.

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA)

  • Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act is an Indian law aimed at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India.
  • Its main objective was to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India.

Committee on National Integration and Regionalism appointed by the National Integration Council, the Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1963, was enacted empowering Parliament to impose, by law, reasonable restrictions in the interests of sovereignty and integrity of India, on the:

  • Freedom of Speech and Expression;
  • Right to Assemble peaceably and without arms; and
  • Right to Form Associations or Unions.

GS-II (International Affairs)

India, Pakistan Exchange Lists of Prisoners in Each Other’s Jails

  • India and Pakistan exchanged lists of civilian prisoners and fishermen lodged in each other’s jails as per the provision of a bilateral agreement on July 1st.
  • Pakistan has shared with India a list of 53 civilian prisoners and 418 fishermen in its custody, who are Indians or believed to be Indians.
  • Pakistan was asked to expedite the release of nine Indian civilian prisoners and 229 Indian fishermen who have completed their sentences and whose nationality have been confirmed.
  • India has conveyed to Pakistan the need for early release and repatriation of civilian prisoners, missing Indian defense personnel and fishermen along with their boats.
  • India too handed over to Pakistan a list of 249 civilian prisoners and 108 fishermen from that country lodged in Indian jails.

History:

  • The lists were shared as per a bilateral agreement on consular access signed in May 2008.
  • The lists of prisoners have to be exchanged twice every year on January 1 and July 1.

 GS-III (Economy)

Govt to soon come out with definition for shell companies

  • To fight against black money there is a need to investigate Shell Companies.
  • The key issue hampering the investigations and prosecutions against entities involved in financial irregularities has been lack of a proper and uniform definition for “shell companies”.
  • Generally, shell companies exist only on paper and are often used by fraudsters for carrying out their illegal activities.

Criteria to define:

  1. Obscure ownership,
  2. Excessive leveraging and
  3. Disproportionate investment in shares of other companies.

Jharkhand to Set Up Country’s 1st Khadi Mall

  • Jharkhand announced that the first ‘Khadi Mall’of the country will be opened in Jharkhand.
  • The land in the Heavy Engineering Corporation (HEC) campus will be made available to the Khadi Board to develop the country’s first Khadi mall.
  • The artisans would be provided technological aid for value addition in their products, while rural, urban and tourism ‘haats’ will provide those markets for their goods.
  • It is part of Gandhian ideology for developing rural areas by imparting employment opportunities.

GS-III (Science and Technology)

India’s most potent missile Agni-V to be inducted soon

  • India’s longest-range ballistic missile, Agni-V, will be inducted into the nuclear arsenal very soon.

Agni-V

  • Agni-V is an Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM) with a range of over 5,000 km and can reach most parts of China.
  • The missile features the latest technologies for navigation and improved accuracy.

Significance:

  • The Agni series of missiles constitute the backbone of India’s nuclear weapons delivery, which also includes the Prithvi short-range ballistic missiles and fighter aircraft.
  • The submarine-based nuclear arsenal, which assures second strike capability in the face of the proclaimed No-First-Use policy, is taking shape.

Others

Lee Chong Wei Wins Malaysian Open Badminton Singles Title

  • Malaysian veteran Lee Chong Wei has won the Malaysian Open Badminton singles title for a historic 12th time. In the men’s final in Kuala Lumpur, he defeated young Japanese shuttler Kento Momota in straight games.
  • In the women’s singles final, top seed Tai Tzu Ying from Taiwan saw off China’s He Bingjiao. India’s campaign in the tournament had ended with the defeat of PV Sindhu and Kidambi Srikanth in their singles semi-finals.

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