UPSC Daily Current Affairs- 26th June 2018

www.iasinsights.in; www.iasgyaan.com posts UPSC Daily current Affairs – 26th June 2018. This info is taken from News papers, PIB, AIR News and Summarized for your easy understanding.

Daily Current Affairs- 26th June 2018

GS – II (Indian Affairs)

Van Dhan scheme

Why it is in News?

  • The Government proposes to set up 3000 Van Dhan Kendras involving 30,000 SHGs across the country under the Van Dhan Scheme of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.

Key facts:

  • The Prime Minister launched the Van Dhan Scheme of Ministry of Tribal Affairs and TRIFED on 14th April, 2018 during the celebrations of Ambedkar Jayanti at Bijapur Chattisgarh.
  • Under Van Dhan Scheme, 10 Self Help Groups of 30 Tribal gatherers each have been constituted at Bijapur, Chhattisgarh.
  • The workers are trained by TRIFED and are provided with working capital to add value to the products, which they collect from the Jungle.
  • Working under the leadership of Collector, these groups can then market their products not only within the States but also outside the States.

What is Van Dhan Kendra?

  • It is a Tribal community owned Van Dhan Vikas Kendras (the Kendra) constitutes of 10 tribal SHGs, each comprising of upto 30 tribal NTFP gatherers or artisans i.e. about 300 beneficiaries per Kendra.
  • It would be set up in predominantly forested tribal districts.
  • It would provide traditional knowledge & skill sets of tribals by adding technology & IT for value addition.

1000MW floating solar power plant in Ujani Dam

Why it is in News?

  • The Maharashtra government set up a committee to study issues related to the development of a 1,000-MW floating solar power plant at Ujani dam in Solapur district of Maharashtra.

Key facts:

  • Ujani, located in Madha taluka of Solapur, around 300 kms from Mumbai, is among the largest dam in Maharashtra.
  • The dam was built on a flat land and is easily accessible from all sides, which is an advantage as the solar panels required to be monitored.
  • Ujani dam has a total capacity of 110 TMC and compared to other dams in the state, it has been constructed on a flat land with less depth.
  • Director (Commercial) of Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Ltd (MSEDCL), Satish Chavan, has been appointed as the head of the committee.
  • The committee will study the environmental impact of the project and monitor the month-wise water level of the dam.
  • It will study the possibilities of using the water bed of the Ujani Dam for the floating solr power plant due to unavailability of large lands.
  • It  will study the water levels of Ujani dam every month, total fluctuation in its water levels and obtain necessary permissions required for the project.

Women in Prisons

Why it is in News?

  • The Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) has launched its report titled ‘Women in Prisons’.

Key facts:

  • It is a comprehensive list of 134 recommendations for improving the lives of women under incarceration, addressing a wide range of issues pertaining to pregnancy and childbirth in prison, mental health, legal aid, reintegration in society and their care giving responsibilities among others.
  • Changes in the National Model Prison Manual 2016 have also been suggested.
  • In case of women with care-giving responsibilities must be allowed to make arrangements for their children, and a reasonable suspension of detention may also be provided for this purpose.
  • If the child (above 6 years of age)has no guardian then he must be placed in a Child Care Institution.
  • A separate accommodation for mothers in post-natal stage to maintain hygiene and protect the infant from contagion, for at least a year after childbirth has been made.
  • Legal consultations must be conducted in confidentiality and without censorship.
  • A comprehensive after-care programme to be put in place, covering employment, financial support, regaining of child custody, shelter, counselling, continuity of health care services etc.
  • Prison authorities should coordinate with local police to ensure released prisoners are not harassed by them due to the attached stigma.
  • Prisoners must also be given the right to vote.
  • A robust grievance redressal system must be made in prisons so that apart from the prisoner herself, her legal adviser or family members should be allowed to make complaints regarding her stay in prison.
  • Inmates should have access to female counselors/psychologists at least on a weekly basis or as frequently as needed by them

Paani Bachao, Paise Kamao

Why it is in News?

  • A campaign to encourage farmers to voluntarily adopt a new scheme ‘Paani Bachao, Paise Kamao’, for checking depletion of underground water, was launched in Jalandhar, Punjab.

Key facts:

  • Punjab government had proposed to launch this scheme at two clusters/feeders: Bambiwaland Nawajipur on a pilot basis.
  • 178 farmers from Bambiwal feeder and 231 from Nawajipur will be motivated to adopt the scheme.
  • Through this scheme, farmers will receive monetary benefit for less use of tube well.
  • This scheme aims to make sure that farmers utilise the power with restraint to pump out water from ground.
  • Details related to the use of power and money transferred into account of farmers will be provided to them on phone.
  • Initially farmers for Bambiwal, Khusropur, Kukar Pind, Aladinpur and Kot Khurd village of Bambiwal feeder and Malsian, Dabri, Lasuri, Nawajipur, Mullewal Khaira and Mulewal Gharnian under Nawajipur feeder were entitled for Paani Bachao, Paise Kamao.

No toilet, no bride

Why it is in News?

  • The Godikan panchayat in Haryana has become the first panchayat in India to pass a resolution to marry girls only to families that have a toilet in their house.

Key facts:

  • This move of the Godikan panchayat has been inspired by Bollywood movie Toilet- Ek Prem Katha.
  • The Godikan panchayat has passed this resolution in a motive to ensure the safety and well-being of women.
  • Posters and banners reading “Beti wahin byahenge, jis ghar me shauchalaya payenge” (will marry off our daughters to households where we find a toilet) will be put for display soon.
  • Godikan panchayat has already been declared an Outdoor Defecation Free panchayat.

GS – II (International affairs)

India most dangerous country for women due to high risk of sexual violence

Why it is in News?

  • A Thomson Reuters Foundation survey stated that, India is the world’s most dangerous country for women due to the high risk of sexual violence.

Key facts:

  • The Thomson Reuters Foundation survey involved around 550 experts on women’s issues.
  • The poll of 548 people was held online, by phone and in person from 26thMarch and 4th May 2018.
  • It was performed in Europe, Africa, America, South East Asia, South Asia and the Pacific.
  • India is followed by war affected Afghanistan and Syria,Somalia and Saudi Arabia are ranked fourth and fifth respectively.
  • The only Western country in the top 10 was the US, which ranked joint third.
  • India is also ranked the most dangerous country for women in terms of human trafficking, sex slavery, domestic servitude, forced marriage, stoning and female infanticide.

26 June: International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking

  • In 1987, the UN General Assembly declared 26 June as the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking.
  • This day was coined to enhance efforts to achieve an international society free of drug abuse.
  • This day aims to create awareness of the problems caused by illicit drugs to the society.
  • The theme for 2018 is: “Listen First –Listening to children and youth is the first step to help them grow healthy and safe.”

 

 

 

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.