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India and Brazil’s role in the bio-economy
- Aim is for large scale, worldwide adaptation clean fuels as an alternative to carbon intensive sources such as petrol.
About the event:
- On 26 and 27 February, New Delhi will host the International Conference on Sustainable Biofuels 2018 (ICSB 2018).
- The conference is co-organized by the BioFuture Platform (BP) and Mission Innovation (MI), two coalitions of countries devoted to the advancement of renewable energy.
BP and MI:
- BP focuses on scaling up the deployment of low-emission fuels such as ethanol and biodiesel.
- MI promotes the development of innovative technology in various modalities of renewable energy sources.
- At the intersection of both efforts, ICSB 2018 will house important debates around state-of-the-art research and development in the biofuels domain, including second- generation ethanol (E2G), bio-hydrogen and algae-based biodiesel.
- Brazil and India (members of BP and MI).
The Brazilian biofuel programme: Started in the context of the 1973 oil crisis. At that time, the government decided to launch the “Proálcool” (Pro-alcohol) scheme in order to foster an indigenous ethanol-based transport industry that would reduce the country’s dependence on hydrocarbons.
In 2016, India inaugurated: Its first demonstration bio-refinery in Uttarakhand and that December, soon to be inaugural commercial plant was laid in Punjab.
- In the research and development domain, centres led by the department of biotechnology have been making ground-breaking research in the field of algae-based biodiesel, cellulolytic enzymes and alcohol-producing bacteria.
- As the Indian government prepares a new comprehensive biofuel policy, recent announcements of bold investment schemes for bio-refineries and additional research funds indicate a bright future for the country’s biofuel sector.
- The Indo-Brazilian partnership in biofuels comes in handy to show that low-carbon fuels are one of the most economic and socially optimal alternatives in the decades ahead.